The internet is vast, yet an humongous chunk of it is still untouched by the ordinary world. We address that part by the names Deep Web, Dark net, and Dark Web. Dark net is a type of network not accessible using conventional modes. Deep Web – which includes dark web as a subset – is the part of the world wide web not indexed by the search engines like Google, Bing, DuckDuckGo.
For most of us, the web is finite to twenty fifty or even hundred websites . Most of this finite collections are Google sites and services. But in reality, the internet is far more than what we think , it is humongous and it has millions of website existing on servers around the globe.
What is Deep web?
The deep web,invisible web, or hidden web are parts of the World Wide Web whose contents are not indexed by standard search engines for any reason. The opposite term to the deep web is the surface web, which is accessible to anyone using the Internet.
The content of the deep web is hidden behind HTTPS forms, and includes many very common uses such as mails (web mail), online banking, and services that users must pay for, and which is protected by a paywall, such as videos on demand, some online magazines and newspapers, and many more.
Content of the deep web can be located and accessed by a direct url or IP address , and may require password or other security access past the public website page.
Over the centuries, when the technology became advanced, humans built machines capable of diving to the depths of the oceans. That’s how we were able to discover the remains of RMS Titanic. The search engine crawlers do the same work as done by the explorer submarines. They dive into the internet and take a note of whatever they find.
We might have found Titanic, but there is a lot to discover in the bottomless oceans. Similar is the case of the search engine crawlers, they haven’t identified various parts of the World Wide Web, and we call it the Deep Web.
For instance, the search engines won’t be able to access the servers and websites hosting data about some government-led secret alien mission. But the deep web isn’t as mysterious as it sounds. A private network, tagged as deep web, can be right next to your house. It’s just the internet that isn’t within reach of standard search engine crawlers. For instance, the network maintained by some paid streaming service. It is a type of deep web or hidden web. Obviously, the search engines won’t be opting for a monthly subscription to index the catalog of such websites.
What is Dark Web?
The dark web has often been confused with the deep web, which refer to the parts of the web not indexed (searchable) by search engines. This confusion dates back to at least 2009. Since then, especially in reporting on Silk Road, the two terms have often been conflated, despite recommendations that they should be distinguished.
The dark web is the World Wide Web content that exists on darknets, overlay networks that use the Internet but require specific software, configurations or authorization to access. The dark web forms a small part of the deep web, the part of the Web not searchable by web search engines, although sometimes the term deep web is mistakenly used to refer specifically to the dark web.
The dark nets which constitute the dark web include small, friend to friend peer peer to peer networks, as well as large, popular networks like Tor, freenet, and 12P, operated by public organizations and individuals. Users of the dark web refer to the regular web as Clearnet due to its unencrypted nature. The Tor dark web may be referred to as onionland, a reference to the network’s top-level domains suffix .onion and the traffic anonymization technique of onion routing.
There is another thing you would like to be aware of, the dark web. You can think of the dark wed as a subset of the deep web. You need to understand the distinction between deep and darknet, and the fact that the internet and the WWW (World Wide Web) are not the same thing.
What is Darknet?
A darknet (or dark net) is any overlay network that can be accessed only with specific software, configurations, or authorization, often using non-standard communication protocols and ports. Two typical darknet types are friend-to-friend(F2F) networks (usually used for file sharing with a peer-to-peer (P2P) connection) and privacy networks such as Tor.
Contrary to deep web, Darknet is better known to the people. It is an encrypted network built on top of the existing internet, and specific software or tools are required to access the darknet. It is possible, normal protocols used on the internet might not work on the darknet.
Darknet provides anonymity to the users. One such darknet is Tor or The Onion Router. You require the Tor browser to enter into the Tor’s network.
Tor can be used to visit everyday internet websites, but it also has numerous hidden websites and services which we can’t be accessed on the regular internet. Tor powers them using its protocol known as Tor Hidden Service Protocol. And the websites limited to the Tor network have a special .onion address. Due to this, Tor’s darknet is also known as onionland.
Friend-to-Friend (F2F) networks are another kind of darknet. In this case, two familiar people communicate with each other directly over the internet. They might want to share some file over a P2P (peer-to-peer) connection. Such networks, not accessible by other people, can be encrypted or password protected. So, only the concerned people have the access.